In the historical literature of recent decades, a lot of research has been devoted to the study of the history of deportation in the USSR. The study of mass repressions has now finally passed from the category of popular topics to the category of scientific fundamental research. However, there are a number of issues that have not been reflected in the scientific literature due to the inaccessibility of archival materials, the primary documents on the basis of which the eviction was made. One of these issues is the study of the forced resettlement of peoples in Kazakhstan as a form of repressive policy of the USSR in the 30-40-ies of the twentieth century.
Mass deportations were an integral part of Stalinism. They acted as an instrument of state terror in order to strengthen the Stalinist dictatorship by changing the social, demographic, ethnic shape of entire regions, and acting as one of the links in the creation of a system of forced labour.
So, the demographic, social, ethnic, economic processes that accompanied Stalin's forced migrations were long-acting phenomenon. Analysis of their genesis, essence, historical consequences is considered by the modern scientific community as one of the important theoretical problems, the solution of which helps to approach the understanding of the deep factors in the development of Soviet history in the Soviet period
Keywords: deportation, Stalinism, genocide, rehabilitation, labour army, demographic processes, multinational state