The international charitable organization IRA (Red Aid) was established at the end of 1922 by the decision of the 4th Congress of the Communist international as a Communist counterpart to the current Red Cross in order to "protect workers from the white terror and help its victims". Being a non-partisan organization and having branches (sections) in dozens of countries around the world, it provided material (mainly monetary), legal, and moral support to political prisoners, political emigrants and their families, as well as to the families of dead revolutionaries. The broad powers of the IOAFR can be judged even by the fact that until 1924 only it gave permission to enter the USSR. In ten years, 6,935 political emigrants arrived in the USSR, most of them were granted political asylum. They received assistance in the amount of 5,000,100 rubles. 11 The International Organization for Assistance to the Fighters of the Revolution spread its influence not only within the USSR, but also in many other countries of the world.