This article discusses the "Materials on the Kyrgyz land use ..." as a historical source on the history of Kazakhstan the late XIX - early. ХХ century. Documents gathered in the materials are unique in scope of coverage of the totality of the most important facts, events, phenomena in the field of history, ethnography, geography, place names and demography of the Kazakh people. They represent a set of statistical data, consisting of 27 volumes, which is an invaluable resource in the study of the Kazakh people of ethnic history, especially the traditional Kazakh economy.
This materials research statistics and research expeditions conducted with the aim of colonizing the territory of Kazakhstan tsarist Russia in the late XIX century. - The beginning of the ХХ century. Despite the fact that these documents were the source for colonial policy, they are also a valuable source of information on the structure of the tribal structure, business, economic, social history and other aspects of the life of the Kazakhs of the period.
Keywords: power, source, analysis, method, statistics, ethnicity, structure.